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With the advances in molecular biology, most of the common disorders like infectious, diseases, immune system related diseases, autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular diseases and cancers are being widely investigated for its causation. In addition, the knowledge of the cellular and molecular biology has been widely applied in diagnostic and therapeutic tools. Thus, analysis of biochemicals, chromosomes and chromosomes and cells involved in immune mechanisms play a major role in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases.

Infectious diseases are caused by a wide variety of organisms ranging from multi-cellular parasites and fungi to unicellular bacteria to non cellular viruses. They all possess nucleic acids (DNA, RNA) as their hereditary materials. Unlike the other diagnostic methods, molecular diagnostics seeks evidence of a disease at the very basic causative level. PCR diagnostic test can be easily applied to Dengue, HIV Hepatitis C, cytomegalovirus, malaria, tuberculosis, chlamydia infections and helicobacter pylori detection. In addition to that, familial aspects of certain cancers can be detected and used for the protection of the future possibilities of getting disease. This laboratory can be a centre of excellence for research on infectious diseases, genetic disorders,

heart diseases and haematological disorders. Further, a fully equipped DNA laboratory that can offer DNA typing services like paternity testing, maternity testing, analyzing samples from crime scenes etc which may be useful in forensic medicine. Funds were given by the Departments of Anatomy, Physiology, Parasitology, Pharmacology, Medicine, Surgery and some other Departments from the annual University allocation initially.